Canada: A history of refuge

Source: Government of Canada

What Does “Refugee” Mean?

It is not as easy to define “refugee” as one might expect. In its simplest meaning, a refugee is a person who flees his or her home country because of fears of persecution or abuse, particularly by their own government. However, the meaning is affected by political change, public perception and history. According to Citizenship and Immigration Canada and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, refugees are people who have been forced to leave their country and who are afraid to return because of war, violence or persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group.

1770 – 1779 The Quakers
1780 - 1789 Black Loyalists
1830 - 1860 Poles Fled Eastern Europe 
1870 - 1899 Jewish Refugees in the late 19th Century

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